Pathologies that can be potentially treated with hadrontherapy
Solitary metastasis from: Kidneys, Melanoma (mucous membranes/skin), Sarcoma
Want to submit your case? Click HERE
Metastasis is a phenomenon that takes place when cancer cells break away from where they first formed and travel, through the blood or lymphatic vessels, and form new tumours in other parts of the body. The ability to metastasize is a characteristic that belongs only to malignant tumours, as this does not happen in benign tumours.
Therefore, during the process, the metastatic cells of a primary malignant tumour affect other organs or tissues to form new secondary tumours. The development of metastasis, however, depends on various factors such as the type of original tumour, the organs involved and the proximity to diffusion pathways. In most cases, metastatic tumours tend to keep some characteristics of the primary tumour from which they derive.
Metastases usually develop in the later stages of the disease and are responsible for 90% of cancer deaths. This is why metastases are generally not curable, although in most cases they can be kept under control.
The treatment of metastases also aims to reduce the symptoms of the disease, in order to improve the patient's quality of life, and avoid the chance that the metastatic tumour may spread to other sites of the body.
Treating metastatic cancers may be a difficult process since many metastases tend to be resistant to classical drugs and/or radiation therapies. Therefore, hadrontherapy is often used to treat certain neoplasms derived from metastases.
Metastases from kidneys
Kidney cancer is a neoplasm that originates, in most cases, from the cells on the walls of the renal tubules that make up nephrons. It usually affects only one of the two kidneys, although bilateral forms- arising in both kidneys- have been found.
In its malignant form, kidney cancer can result in the following metastases:
- Adrenal gland
- Lymph nodes
Metastases from melanomas of the mucous membranes and/or skin
A melanoma is a tumour that being in the melanocytes, which are cells of the epidermis and other tissues such as mucous membranes and the eyes. Depending on the location of the tumour, melanomas are divided into:
- Cutaneous melanoma
- Intraocular melanoma
- Mucosal melanoma
In its malignant form, melanoma can result in the following metastases:
- Lymph nodes
Metastases from sarcoma
A sarcoma is a tumour that originates in connective tissues, and can therefore affect:
- Deep layers of the skin
- Blood vessels
- Lymphatic vessels
- Adipose tissue
These neoplasms can arise in any part of the body, to the point that over 100 different types of sarcoma have been identified. These types are divided into three categories:
- Bone sarcomas
- Soft-tissue sarcomas
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumours
In their malignant form, sarcomas can mainly give rise to lung metastases, although metastatic cells can easily reach any other part of the body.
Treatment of solitary metastases from: Kidneys, Melanomas (mucous membranes/skin), Sarcomas
To treat these lesions, if properly classified from a multidisciplinary point of view, radiation with hadrons can be used.